VAT rate in Africa as of 2021, by country

VAT [Value Added Tax] is an indirect tax on consumption.

This is a percentage increase in the price of every item we buy and every service we receive, this model of tax unification allows for greater transparency and ease of taxation.

How do I calculate VAT?

The amount of tax is levied on the value added at each stage of the process.

For example, suppose a consumer buys a lampshade for $100. With a VAT rate of 17%, $17 would be the tax on the product.

Dividing this value by the steps it takes to get this lampshade to the consumer, we could put it this way:

StageSelling PriceValue AddedVAT (17%)
Lamp factory$50,00$50,00$8,50
wholesaler$75,00$25,00$4,25
retailer$100,00$50,00$4,25
VAT Total$ 17,00  

VAT rate on goods and services in Africa as of 2021, by country

CountryLastReference
Algeria19%Dec/21
Angola14%Dec/21
Benin18%Dec/20
Botswana12%Dec/21
Burkina Faso18%Dec/20
Burundi18%Dec/20
Cameroon19.50%Dec/21
Cape Verde15%Dec/21
Central African Republic19%Dec/20
Chad18%Dec/21
Comoros10%Dec/20
Congo16%Dec/21
Djibouti10%Dec/20
Egypt14%Dec/21
Equatorial Guinea15%Dec/21
Eritrea5%Dec/20
Ethiopia15%Dec/21
Gabon18%Dec/20
Gambia15%Dec/20
Ghana13.50%Dec/21
Guinea14%Dec/21
Ivory Coast18%Dec/21
Kenya16%Dec/21
Lesotho15%Dec/21
Madagascar20%Dec/21
Malawi16.50%Dec/21
Mali18%Dec/20
Mauritania16%Dec/21
Mauritius15%Dec/21
Morocco20%Dec/21
Mozambique17%Dec/21
Namibia15%Dec/21
Niger19%Dec/21
Nigeria7.5%Dec/21
Republic of the Congo18.90%Dec/21
Rwanda18%Dec/21
Senegal18%Dec/21
Seychelles15%Dec/21
Sierra Leone15%Dec/20
Somalia10%Dec/20
South Africa15%Dec/21
Sudan17%Dec/20
Swaziland15%Dec/20
Tanzania18%Dec/21
Togo18%Dec/21
Tunisia19%Dec/21
Uganda18%Dec/21
Zambia16%Dec/21
Zimbabwe14.50%Dec/21

The importance of VAT

VAT is important because that increases the revenue of the governments in countries that actually use that system. in addition, with a VAT the amount owed to the government by is paid partially, causing less discomfort to the consumer.

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